|600BC||People of Celtic origin||The Celts arrive in what would later be called Brittany and called the peninsula AMOR (the country of the sea).|
|500BC||Celtic Expansion||Trade between the Etruscans and the Celts, an Indo - European tribe, began. The La Tène phase of Celtic culture spread through Europe and into mainland Britain. The Greeks recorded the name of a major tribe - The KELTOI - and this becomes the common name for all of the tribes. The people of what is now southwestern Germany were Celts. They smelted ore, forged swords and cleared the land. Celts (the Gaels - from Galicia) arrived in Ireland from Spain.|
|113BC||German tribes||The Celtic people in southwestern Germany were displaced by German Tribes who carried on with the craft and skills of iron working. The Cimbri and Teuton tribes began a migration southward from their northern homeland, now Denmark and Sweden, probably because of the encroachment on their land by the sea. They fought their way against the Romans into France and, in 102BC, a Roman army led by Marius defeated them an pushed them across the Rhine River. The Teutons consisted of the Alamanni, Cherusci, Saxons, Frisians, Jutes, Goths, Vandals, Ostrogoths, Visgoths, Angles and Franks among others.|
The Roman invasion of Western Europe results in the decisive termination of the Celtic culture that had reigned in those areas. First to fall is what is now France, then Great-Britain. It survived in Scotland as that nation only saw brief Roman incursions.
The years from 55 BC to 409 AD were the years of Roman rule in Britain. Although the Romans ruled through accommodation with the Celtic tribes, carrying out a policy of Romanising the local leaders, they eradicated any Celtic opposition.
|52BC||Vercingetorix||A war leader called Vercingetorix emerges to take control of the Celtic army in Britain. He maintains a running battle from three successive hill forts. The last one was called Aelisia and Julias Caesar laid siege for three months with no effect and had to defend himself from from constant attack by the Celtic warriors. Vercingetorix finely surrenders.|
|ABT 10BC||The Nemeter||The world power of the Romans, that threatened to wipe out Celtism, made its advance against the ancient Germans in the Upper Alsace. After their defeat, they ventured to the Rhine River, where they erected a row of castellets on the Rhine's left bank (Drusus about 10 B.C.) Thereafter, the Roman empire finally absorbed the left bank. Upper Germania, to which the area belonged, became a pacified inner province of the empire. It was the Swabian tribe of the Nemeter, that was settled here in the early 1st century, a Mix of Celt and Teuton, they themselves were appropriated by Roman culture and civilization. The province took a rich economic upswing. Celtic iron smelting was developed. Tabernae, the present day Rheinzabern, was acclaimed for its hard-baked red glazed ceramic product, Terra Sigilata. It was the most important ceramic industry of this type.|
|9||The Battle of
|The Germanic Cherusci tribe led by Arminius (Hermann) wiped out three Roman legions.|
|50||Wine Making||Since the Romans didn't want to do without their customary wine and the transportation from the south was connected with various difficulties, they introduced viticulture as well as the cultivation of other plants, probably under Claudius about the year 50 A.D.|
|61||Druidism Attacked||The Romans attack the Druidic center in Anglesey, Britain.|
|98||Germania||Tacitus publishes Germania, the first historical work describing the Germanic Tribes.|
|213||Alamanni at War||The first documented reference of the Alamanni, when the Emperor Caracalla fought against them. Their name means "All Men" implying a confederacy of several tribes. Their language helped form the German language as well as the Asacian dialect.|
|260||Alamanni Trouble||The Alamanni troubled the most vulnerable part of the Roman frontier between the rivers Rhine and Danube. The area was abandoned by the Empire. The Alamanni were later to be found in the Roman forces as the barbarinisation of the Roman army began.|
Before 312 AD, Roman emperor Constantine I tolerated a number of different religions, but after his victory over Lucius at Chrysopolis Constantine began to openly embrace Christianity. Constantine converted to Christianity during a battle with his co-emperor ( Maxentius, his brother in law) at /the battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312 AD.
Constantine believed that he needed divine intervention in order to win the battle. So one day, while he was praying for his divine help, Constantine received a VISION. In his vision, Constantine saw a "CROSS OF LIGHT" (known as the Chi-ro). The cross had the inscription “in hoc signo vinces” which translates to “in this sign conquer.”
|406||The Great Invasion||Several Germanic tribes swarmed across the frozen Rhine. The Alamanni
played a significant part, and soon afterwards, began to settle in Alsace
and the Palatinate.
About this same time the Angle, Saxon, and Jute tribes were invading Britain and kept doing so on into the 6th century. They were and are known as the Anglo-Saxons. They left their homelands in northern Germany, Denmark and northern Holland and rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats.
|417||Merovée||Merovée, a Sicambrian Frank chieftain, is mentioned as being alive at this time. In the early fifth century the invasion of the Huns provoked large-scale migrations of almost all of the tribes. The Sicambrian ancestors of the Merovingians crossed the Rhine and moved en masse into Gaul, establishing themselves in what is now Belgium and Northern France. A century later this region became known as the kingdom of Austrasia. The core of this kingdom was what is now known as Lorraine. Merovée fought under the Romans and died in 438.|
of the end of
With the last appeal of the British celtic tribe, the Civitates to Aetius, Celtic Britain ends, or to be more precise Romano-British rule is no more. The Celtic peoples had spent 400 years mixing and marrying with the Romans and all the other peoples that came in smaller numbers from the Empire. For the last 100 years the Saxons had settled the south of England with the Roman forces unable to stop them. In fact the Romans paid the Saxons to keep the peace. When the Empire collapsed and the troops that remained were recalled, they had to run the gauntlet of the Saxon warriors all the way down to the ships on the coast. Many of them were robbed of their possessions on the way through, and some did not make it at all!
What was left of the Romano-British in the south of Britain rallied around a military leader for a few years and kept the Saxons at bay. This shadowy figure is what all the Arthurian stories are based on.
|448||Merovée the Younger,
King of the Franks
|Also bearing the name, Merovée, he was proclaimed king of the Franks at Tournai, and may be the first official king of the Franks. He reigned until his death ten years later and the dynasty that succeeded him has since been known as the Merovingians.|
|481||Clovis I||Clovis I, grandson of Merovée began his reign as king of the Franks. He annexed a number of adjacent kingdoms and principalities, vanquishing a number of rival tribes. Important cities such as Troyes, Reims and Amiens were incorporated into the realm.|
|486||Alamanni Assimilated||The Alamanni having neighbors such as the Franks in the north and west and the Ostrogoths in the south had nowhere to go. They were conquered by Clovis I and between 486 and 508 their territory was ruled by a lieutenant of a Frankish king. "Alamannia" (from which comes the French Allemagne" and Spanish Alemania)as the region became known, remained a distinct identity within the Frankish world until Charles Martel finally absorbed it into his empire early in the Eighth Century. Alsace became a part of the Eastern Kingdom of Austrasia.|
|496||Clovis I Converted
|He allowed himself to be baptized by Saint Rémy at Reims. This was deemed to mark the birth of a new Roman empire, a Christian empire based on the Roman church and administered on a secular level by the Merovingian blood-line. This meant that the Church had made a pact not only with Clovis but the entire Merovingian dynasty.|
|496||Frankish Colonization||Warriors of the Frankish farmer-army led the processions on horse, followed by ox carts (Probably the inspiration for the conestoga of the United States), people on foot and beef herds. To be protected against attack when camping, they would "circle the wagons", as the saying goes. When arriving at their destination and settling, a land allotment system (Hofraite) was used. This system included that all properties be surrounded by a hedge-row (Heckanzaun) to demarcate them. This is interesting, considering the Heckmann name.|
|ABT 500||Morinesheim||A Frankish warrior-farmer by the name of Morin founded a village, now known as Mörzheim. The name of the village has had several renderings throughout time. Originally it was named according to its owner Morin, Morinesheim (home of Morin). It appears in 1301 under the name Moringesheim, 1464 as Mornßheim, 1468 - 1470 Mortzheim, 1491 again as Mornßheim and 1585 as Merentzheim. In 1787 the names Mörnzheim and 1828 Mörzheim were used.|
|511||Clovis I Dies||The empire he created was divided, according to Merovingian custom, among his four sons.|
|ABT635||Dagobert I and the
Dagobert I (629-639) has been recorded in history as a good and just king and is commemorated today in the Palatinate, particularly in the Mörzheim area because Palace Landeck was one of his favorite haunts.
However, there is a saga which has passed down which may be legend or may be true, that Mörzheimers killed the king's favorite dog in a pea field. The king was greatly angered and withdrew the forest rights of the Mörzheimers. Mörzheim then earned tine nickname of "Mörzheimer Pea".
|651||Dagobert II Born||Between Clovis I and Dagobert II, the kings were relatively weak, the power going to non royal leaders known as "Mayors of the Palace". This was not the case with Dagobert II, however. He was heir to the kingdom of Austrasia. At age five he was kidnapped by the presiding mayor of the palace named Grimoald. He was exiled to the Irish monastery of Slane.|
|666||Dagobert II Marries||Probably while still in Ireland, he married a Celtic princess named Mathilde. Not long after, he moved to England where he lived at York in the kingdom of Northumbria. He formed a friendship there with Saint Wilfrid, bishop of York.|
|676||Sigisbert IV Born||Mathilde had died giving birth to a daughter (670). Dagobert remarried Giselle de Razès (671), niece of the king of the Visgoths. Much of modern France would be united under Roman control. By this time Dagobert had returned to the continent and was once more a king.|
|679||Dagobert II Assanated||On December 23 Dagobert is said to have gone hunting and was murdered while resting on the fringe of the Ardennes in a wooded area near his palace at Stenay. According to the "Prieuré documents" Sigisbert IV was rescued by his sister and smuggled southward to the domain of the Visgoth princess, Giselle de Razès. The Merovingian dynasty was effectively ended although strictly speaking, Dagobert was not the last Merovingian ruler and the later ones were from cadet branches of the family, not from the main line.|
|The First Historical Village Festival. It is in a shallow valley just east of the Hardt Mountains, about 12 miles west of the Rhine River. It is just south of the city of Landau in what is now the state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rhineland), and what was then known as der Pfalz.|
|754||Childeric III Dies||Power had effectively passed to the Mayors of the Palace. Childeric's mayor, Pepin III (Pepin the Short), with the aid of the church, had Childeric deposed, his head shorn, confined to a monastery and Pepin laid claim to the thrown. Childeric died four years later. Pepin III (son of Charles Martel) was officially anointed at Ponthion beginning the Caroliingian dynasty.|
|768||King Charlemagne||Son of Pepin III, becomes king of the Franks.|
|772||The Saxon Wars||The Franks considered the Saxon tribes to be devil worshipers and fierce. There were murders and thefts. Therefore, the Franks waged war against the Saxons.|
|800||Emperor Charlemagne||Crowned by Pope Leo III.|
|804||Saxon Wars end||The subjection to Carolingian rule brought about the partition of the land into Counties (Grafschaften).|
|814||Charlemagne Dies||His son, Louis the Pious, was his sole successor, but upon Louis' death in 840 and the end of his restless reign followed three years of civil war between his sons: Lothair, Louis the German, and Charles the Bald.|
|843||The Treaty of Verdun||The empire was divided among the three grandsons of Charlemagne. The Carolingians initially continued to hold the throne in all three sections that were created: West Francia, Middle Francia, and East Francia.
* West Francia to Charles the Bald : It was the nucleus of later France, they continued to be the ruling dynasty until the Capetians.
* Middle Francia, which would become the kingdoms of Lotharingia and Provence, as well as the Iron Crown of Lombardy (Italy), to Lothair, with the empty title of Emperor. The major branch of the family ruled till 875, but further division occurred with the Treaty of Mersen in 870.
* East Francia, the kernel of later Germany and the Holy Roman Empire to Louis the German . The Carolingians ruled until 911, the death of Louis the Child. Here, the dukes of the stem duchies eventually acclaimed a Saxon dynasty, commonly referred to as the Ottonians, who consciously modeled themselves as Carolingian successors.See Map
|911||Normandy||Charles the Simple or Charles III (September 17, 879 - October 7, 929) was king of Western Francia from 898 to 922.
His most important act was the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte with resident Vikings in 911. Their chief was known as Roll (Hrolf the Ganger, d. 931). Charles was unable to expel them from the mouth of the Seine. Territory on the western coast of West Francia was ceded to them which was afterwards known as the Duchy of Normandy and they were known as Normans.
Rollo was baptized (912) under the name Robert, acquired middle Normandy (the Bessin, 924) and the western part of the duchy (Cotentin and Avranche, 933). Fresh settlers from Scandinavia were recruited for the colony for the best part of a century, and it was able to retain a strong local individuality. Yet soon after 1000, the duchy was French in both speech and law. Between this period and the accession of Duke William I (the Conqueror), Norman history is fragmentary.
The surname Payne, however it is spelled, indicates a Norman origin. Even though Rollo was baptized into Christianity the people of his dukedom outside the larger communities, resisted the new religion which first found favor in the cities, then expanded gradually throughout the country. The word "paganus" meant originally and solely a dweller in the country, as distinguished from one who dwells in the city. So general was the refusal at first of the inhabitants of the country to accept the Christian religion, that to be a "Countryman" came to mean an "unbeliever," and the word "paganus" thus took on a double meaning. The name was eventually applied to all those who refused the Christian baptism.
|1027||William, son of Duke Robert Born||William, the illegitimate son of Robert, Duke of Normandy and Herleva of Falaise, was born. Instead of marrying Herleva, Robert persuaded her to marry his friend, Herluin of Conteville. After marriage, Herleva had two more sons, Odo of Bayeux and Robert of Mortain.|
|1045||William Governs Normandy||William, who inherited his father's title in1035, began to govern Normandy. Two years later, the lords of the western region of the duchy rebelled, but William successfully defeated them at Val-es-dunes. In 1051 William visited Edward the Confessor, the anglo-saxon king of England. Later, William claimed that Edward promised him that he would become his heir at that meeting.|
|1066||William the Conqueror||William led the Norman Conquest and was made King William I of England (1066 - 1087). The future of the Isles took a major change. For hundreds of years to come, it would be embroiled in wars in Europe and the Holy Lands. Civil unrest would be rife and the once proud traditions of the Saxons would be ground under the stone of a network of castles that covered the country. The Normans brought a whole new society which made the country what it is today.
William was accompanied by many of the class of people termed "Peganus", and so the term became incorporated into the English language with its new meaning. About this same time, the habit of using surnames also became prevalent, and as people usually chose something with which they had a previous connection, the name of "Paganus" came into common use as a family designation. It gradually changed its form, however, to one of several variations: Pagan, Payen, Paine, Pain, Payn or Payne.
The name is found wherever the Norman exodus pervaded. In Italy, for example, it assumed the form of Paganini or Pagani.
|1077||Henry submits||In the struggle between emperor and church the king of Germany, KIng Henry IV (Holy Roman Empire) was obliged to go to Canossa and submit to Pope Gregory VII. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty.|
|1190||Frederick I Dies||Emperor Frederick I Barbarosa (from the Hohenstaufen family), elected king of Germany in 1152, dies in Asia Minor on the Third Crusade.|
|1224||Siegen the town||Siegen officially embodied as a town.|
|1226||Teutonic Order||The Teutonic Order of Knights is established in Prussia.|
|1235||Count-Palatine||To administer the regions along the middle Rhine, emperor Fredrich II appoints a count-palatine of the Wittlsbach family which controllers the powerful duchy of Bavaria in return for the duke's support. With the decline of the monarchy after Fredrick II, administrative rights reverted to local dukes or bishops in Saxony and Bavaria, but the count palatine of Lower Lotharingia held on to his powers and kept them for his descendents who called themselves Counts Palatine of the Rhine. The territory was called the Rhenish of Lower Palatinate (Pfalz). The capital was at Heidelberg until the 18th century.|
|1273||Habsburg Rule||The election of Rudolph I, Habsburg king.|
|1305||First mention of family which would become Heckmann||Family line existed but as yet had no name. Children only receive christian names.|
|Founded by Charles IV in Prague.|
|1356||Golden Bull||Charles IV promulgates the Golden Bull, whereby seven electors will in the future choose the emperor.|
|1456||Bible||The Gutenberg Bible is printed.|
|1517||Lutheranism sprouts||Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of castle church in Wittenburg.|
|1521||Luther outlawed||His writings are banned by the Edict of Worms. He takes refuge in the Wartburg Castle, where he translates the New Testament .|
|1555||Peace of Augsburg||Sanctions the coexistence of Roman Catholicism and Protestantism in the German Empire. The following year Charles V abdicates.|
|1613||Houses of Stuart and Lorraine United||Fredrick of the Palatinate married Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of James I of England.|
|ABT1615||John Payne #574
This approximate date of birth was determined by Col. Payne through examination of a recorded affidavit, dated 7 February, 1659/60 made by John Payne in connection with his transporting by boat of 1500 lbs. of pork to James Town, recording his age as "44 years or thereabouts".
From the book: THE PAYNES of VIRGINIA by: Brook Payne Colonel U.S. Army (retired) 1872-1938
|1618||Thirty Years War begins||Elector Fredrick V of the Palatinate accepts the crown of Bohemia, offered to him by that countries rebellious nobles. He seems to have had "Rosecrucian" influence incurring the wrath of the Holy Roman Empire. Ferdinand II (1619 - 1637) strengthened by the Catholic Reformation fought against Protestant forces in the Empire.|
|1622||The Will of
In the 1622 will of Robert Payne, Citizen and Salter of London, he mentions his brother, Florentine Payne, as well as his nephew, "my sisters son," John Withers. John Withers is a name closely associated with John Payne #574.
After migrating to Virginia, USA, sometime before 1653, John Payne and family had close ties to the Lees and seems to have followed them up the northern neck from Northumberland and Lancaster County into Westmoreland. During that same period of time, Richard Lee I was in partnership with a Florentine Payne who was a Burgess in Elizabeth City Source, Patrick Payne.
Mr. Simon Healy, of "The History of Parliament," asserts that this Robert Payne, Citizen and Salter of London, belonged to the Huntingdonshire Payne family- although this is not yet conclusive. He has, however, produced a draft of his biography of Sir Robert Payne #655 of Huntingdonshire that he intends to publish in the next release of "The History of Parliament," and he mentions this connection. Source, Patrick Payne
The ship John and Dorothy sails from London to Virginia, John Payne #574, commander.
John Payne had transported goods belonging to Adam and Sir John Thoroughgood- who had been the guardian of Anne Constable. She became the wife of Florentine Payne's business partner, Richard Lee I.
John Payne #574 of the ship [John and Dorthy] was a known partner of the brothers Joseph and Nathaniel Hawes of London. Their brother-in-law was Capt. George Payne [who married Rachel Hawes #1025]. According to research of Patrick Payne, Sir Robert Payne #655 DID have a son by the name of George #1017 [the only George Patrick has managed to find in ANY Payne family during that period]. George was also a partner of the Hawes brothers and he ended up bailing John Payne out of his troubles with them over the 1635 voyage by buying the ship so John could pay the crews wages. There is a 1662/3 will of a George Payne, Gentleman of London, that mentions his cousins, Robert and John Payne of St. Neots, Huntingdonshire. It is believed that this is the same George.
|1648||Thirty Years War ends||Over 300,000 had been killed in battle. Millions died of malnutrition and disease. Wandering troupes robbed, burned and looted. The Palatinate never really recovered. It became a spoil, fought over by other states and countries.|
|1648||Georg Jacob Heckmann #645 Born||He lived in Mörzheim, Germany|
|1674||The French return.||Reports came in that villages were being burned to the ground. Georg Jacob had married Ottilia Mangold and she was pregnant with their first child. Since Annweiler, about 8 miles to the west was reported to be a safe haven, they fled there where Georg Friedrich was born on October 23rd and was baptized at the Annweiler Reformed Church. Records there state that the parents were in flight from war or the plague and were lodging there temporarily.|
|1677||William Penn Visits||He visited the Palatinate and encouraged the people to go to Pennsylvania where there was religious freedom. The Queen of England made it known that she would help those who wanted to go to Pennsylvania|
|ABT 1682||Peter Heckmann #641 Born||In Mörzheim or Annweiler Germany|
|1688||Palatinate War begins||The forces of King Louis XIV of France had been ravaging the region. Britain led a coalition of powers to oppose her. This was known as the War of the Palatinate, the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg.|
|ABT 1689||John Payne #574 Dies||He was undoubtedly buried in the old family grave yard at his home immediately in the rear of Bunker Hill and three miles from Leedestown, VA. known as "Red House" and later known as "Cedar Hill".
There are records stating that there were two John Paynes who died at this time, one that was definitely John Payne of Rappahannock County #574 and another named as John Payne, customs collector of Maryland. The second John Payne was "murdered by several Catholics of Maryland associated with the 'Susanna' over a dispute across the Potomac" [Source - Patrick Payne]. It is believed that these reports could refer to the same John Payne #574, although this is not strictly confirmed as yet.
|1697||Paltinate War ends||A major effect of this war was large scale emigration from 1689 to 1697, and later, giving rise to the Pennsylvania Dutch phenomenon in the United States.|
|1701||Kingdom of Prussia||The Electoral prince of Brandenburg proclaims his realm the Kingdom of Prussia.|
|1704||Georg Jacob Heckmann #645 Dies||He died in Mörzheim, Germany on December 19.|
|1709||The big freeze||On January 10 the Rhine River froze and was closed for weeks. Wine froze into ice. Grapevines died. Cattle died. In February and March, many Palatines traveled down the Rhine to Rotterdam where they were housed in reed covered shacks. Some made it to London (tent city). Others were sent to Ireland, the Scilly Isles, the West Indies and New York.|
|ABT 1724||Hans Conrad Heckmann #452 born||He was born in Mörzheim, Germany in the Palatinate (Pfalz). In this same year a decree ordered the confiscation of property. of those who emigrated without authorization.|
|1736||Schley Emigrated||Johann Thomas Schley (1712-1790) emigrated from Mörzheim to America. The reason is uncertain but was probably because of the continual wars, sieges and epidemics in the Mörzheim region. Thirty-seven different regents had drained the people of the palatinate of their quality of life. He settled in Maryland, USA with about 100 settlers in 1745 and founded the city of Frederick Town. He built a block house and later a reformed church as well as writing a hymnal.|
|1748 to 1752||Conrad Heckmann #452 emigrates||He most likely arrived in Annapolis or Baltimore and made his way to Frederick Town, where he worked four years as a redemptioner blacksmith.|
|1756||Seven Years War begins
(French & Indian War)
|Prussia is under Fredrick the Great.
In the USA, Conrad serves in the Militia in 1758.
|1762||Peter #462 born||Peter was born in the Fredrick Co., MD.|
|1763||Seven Years War Ends
(French & Indian War)
|Prussia emerges as a major European power.|
|1700's||German settlements in Virginia||In the late 1700's Germans had settled on the land which is Lovettsville, VA and built a German Reformed Church.|
|ABT 1765||Conrad moves to Loudoun County, VA.||Conrad migrated to Lovettsville, about 25 miles by road and across the Potomac from Frederick Town.|
|1775||American Revolution begins||German settlers arrived from Pennsylvania between 1745 and 1760. A
group of Loudoun residents met in Leesburg in 1774 which adopted the "Loudoun
Resolves" and protested the Stamp Act. A number of Loudoun residents fought
in the war.
Troops of the Continental Army were in the area and Conrad Heckmann #452 gave up his horse to help in forwarding the militia to camp. He was later awarded 30 pounds for his patriotic service. Source.
|1783||American Revolution ends|
|1787||Michael Heckmann #479 Born||Michael born to Peter in Lovettsville, VA.|
|1804||Thomas Jefferson Payne #127 Born||Born to John #129 and Betsy Johnson Payne in Scott Co., KY,.|
|1806||War of 1812 begins||Napoleon excludes British goods from "fortress Europe". American ships
are caught in the middle as the British respond with a blockade. The British
seize 1000 US ships and the French about 500.
In 1812 John Payne #129 (m. Betsy Johnson, 1782) was commissioned a brigadier general in The Kentucky Light Dragoons, attached to Col. Richard M. Johnson's (Betsy's father) regiment of mounted infantry in the Battle of the Thames. Source.
|ABT1810||Conrad #452 Dies||Conrad died in Loudoun County, VA.|
|1815||War of 1812 Ends||The Battle of New Orleans: Jackson's forces defeat the British. 700 British were killed, 1400 wounded. US losses were 8 killed, 13 wounded.|
|ABT1818||Robert E. Burnett #183 born||He was probably born in the north of Ireland. His birth date can be estimated from his age in the 1860 Virginia census and his age (20) on the Brig Harriet passenger list when he came to america.|
|1820||Peter #462 dies||Peter died in Lovettsville, VA|
|1820||Streets of Lovettsville laid out||The street plans were laid out by Daniel Lovett after whom it was named. It was also called Thrushers Store and New Town.|
|ABT1821||Sarah Ann Early #184 born||She was from Virginia.|
|1826||Solomon Jonas Hickman #489 born||Solomon, son of Michael was born in Lovettsville, VA.|
|1837||Robert Burnett #183
Arrives in New York
|The Brig Herriet arrived with immigrants from the north of Ireland.
Arrival Date : Jul 14, 1837. There is a family tradition, coming from various branches of the Burnett family in America that Robert and his brother, William immigrated on this ship at that time from County Tyrone. William later decided to return to Ireland. This would mean that there are cousins in both the U. S. and the Isles.. William was then referred to as "American Bill". Interestingly, a copy of the passenger list has been obtained.". Robert is listed but William Burnett isn't. Perhaps William came on a later ship, but he didn't come with Robert as family tradition stated.
Robert is the fifth passenger listed. He was 20 years of age, from County Tyrone . He said he was planning to go to Philadelphia.
|1847||Franklin Payne, Sr. #82 born||to Thomas Jefferson Payne in Howard Co Missouri.||BEF1851||Solomon moves to Iowa||In 1882 he had land in Clay County, Iowa described as: the SE 1/4 of Sect 2 in Twp 94 N of Range 36 W of the 5th PM. His sons John, George and William had farms close by on the road leading off to the right.|
|1851||George Washington Hickman #1 born||Solomon's son born in Indiana, lived in Iowa.|
|BEF1860||Michael Hickman #479 dies||He died in Putnam County, IN.|
|1861||Civil War begins|
|1865||Civil War ends||1881||Grand Valley
Opened for Settlement
|Grand Junction, CO. is located at the confluence ("junction") of the Colorado and Gunnison rivers in the Grand Valley of the Colorado River. In August of 1881 The Ute Indians, who inhabited the the area were removed to Utah Reservation in Utah. In September the valley was opened for settlement.|
|1884||George Bert Hickman #6 born||Bert, son of George Hickman, born in Clay County Iowa near Spencer.|
|1884||Stewart Burnett #16 born||Stewart, son of William Henry #13 and Arra Whittington #14, born in Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, WV.|
|1886||James Burnett #10 born||James Beatlas, son of William Henry #13 and Arra Whittington #14, born in Kearneysville, Jefferson County, WV.|
|1888||Coral Payne #7 born||She was born in Howard County, MO. to Frank Payne and Rose Ann Allison.|
|1892||Solomon #489 dies||He died in Clay County, IA.|
|1893||The Paynes Move to Colorado||Frank Payne Sr. #82 moved from Sedalia, MO to Grand Junction, CO. with his 2nd wife, Rose Ann Orr Allison Payne, probably his sister, Elizabeth, and children including Coral Payne #7, now age five.|
|1895||Myrtle Hickman #4
|Daughter of George W. Hickman, she was born in 1878. Marries John Brown #23 in Herdland, IA on Christmas Day.|
|1905||George W. moves to Grand Junction, CO||He moved to Grand Junction, CO. on an immigrant train along with his wife (Jennie), children from both wives, sister (Sarah), her husband (Louis Hunnel) and brother (John). Daughter Myrtle #4 moved with her husband, John Brown #23 who became a fruit grower and county assessor in the Grand Junction area.|
|1907||Ward Dolan Moves to Oregon
Midland, Oregon had its beginnings with the decision of the California Eastern Railroad, operating out of Weed, CA to push north around Mount Shasta, into the Klamath Basin to Klamath Falls, then eventually into the Willamette Valley.
The first stage was to continue the logging road around the north side of Mt. Shasta to Grass Lake. This was accomplished by the year, 1906. It was now possible for a daily stage coach connection at Lairds Landing. The leg from Grass Lake over Mt. Hebron to McDowell was finished by 1907. At this point, a change of ownership was at hand.. Harriman brought the railroad and it was known as the Southern Pacific Railroad after that.
Ward Dolan moved to the Midland district from Harrisonville, MO by stage coach just before the railroad reached Midland. There he operated the Thomas Martin Spring Lake Ranch until 1918.
Railroad Comes to Midland
||Midland, OR was reached by railroad construction in March of that year. Crews worked on the roadbed and cuts at Texum (Roundhouse Hill). The first work train reached Klamath Falls on May 3rd. On May 20th, the first passengers road the train in Klamath Falls.|
|1909||Lyle #8 born||Lyle Hickman #8, son of George Bert #6 and Coral Payne #7 born in Grand Junction, CO on Easter Day.|
|1910||Bert Hickman, Coral Payne Hickman and Lyle Hickman move to Oregon||He leased a farm, the Colonel Allison place, eight miles south of Klamath Falls, OR and four miles east of Midland, OR.|
|1910||Bert #6 dies||He died of an undetermined illness at the Allison Ranch.|
|1912||Stewart Burnett #16 moves to Idaho||Actually, the first Burnett brother to move to Idaho was George #199 who worked on the railroad there. Then Stewart moved to Blackfoot, ID where he raised potatoes. In his native West Virginia Stewart had worked in railroad shops building and repairing steel cars. Just before moving to Idaho he was in poor health. After arriving in Idaho his health improved dramatically. He attributed this to the Idaho climate and work loading and unloading potatoes. Brother George returned to Pitcairn, PA, where they had resided before, and stayed there.|
|1913||Coral Payne Marries
|They were married on Aug. 14th at the home of the Gowens.|
|1914||World War I begins|
|1914||Stewart Burnett #16 moves to Oregon||Stewart moved to Klamath Falls, OR, then to Orland, CA for 5 years, then back to Klamath Falls where he farmed potatoes. He moved to Grants Pass, OR in 1944. The farm in Klamath Falls had been sold to Homer Delevita and is now a bird refuge.|
|1914||Franklin Payne Sr. #82 Dies
||...||1916||George W. #1 dies||He died in Grand Junction (Fruitvale), CO.|
|1918||World War I ends||John O'Connor, a longtime friend of the Dolans, returned to Midland after serving in the trenches of France.|
|1918||Ward Dolan Changes Ranches
||He purchased an adjoining ranch which he operated as a sheep ranch for 35 years. At that same time, the 160 acre Thomas Martin Spring Lake Ranch was purchased by John O'Connor and his brother Jerry after John returned from the trenches of France. They operated this ranch as a sheep ranch also and this became the seed for the O'Connor Livestock Company. The O'Connors and Dolans were close friends. The sheep industry thrived for some time but sadly now is just a memory in the area, having given way to the cattle industry.|
|1920||James Burnett #10 moves to Oregon||When young he lived with his family on a farm in West Virginia and worked 175 acres growing corn, wheat, clover (for hay), cattle and sheep.
He graduated from Columbia College, Hagerstown, Washington Co., MD in 1907.
He married Veda Pearl Rowe, 08/04/1911 at Hagerstown, MD. At that time he was from Martinsburg, WV and she was from Shepherdstown WV. They then moved to Midland, OR with their daughter, Anna Lucille in 1920. He operated a 160 acre ranch at what was then Rt. 1, Box 897, Klamath Falls, OR.
|1931||James Burnett #10 is first Master of Midland Grange||The Midland Grange was organized in Midland School in 1931 with James as Master. He was Master for three terms. In 1933 the Midland School was closed and the Grange acquired the Miller High School.|
|1938||James Hickman #28 born||Son of Lyle and Anna born in Klamath Falls OR. At this time the Hickman family was living in Willow Ranch, CA, south of Lakeview OR and Pine Creek, OR.|
|1939||World War II begins|
|1942||James Burnett #10 Dies||He died in July of 1942 of a heart attack on a Wednesday on top of a hay stack at the Whipple Ranch, Midland section located at the intersection of Old Midland Road and what is now known as Tingley Lane. He had just finished his midday meal. He had been subject to fainting spells for some time. His young grandson, James #28 was visiting his grandparents at the Burnett Ranch which was located at the same intersection, and was there with his grandmother, Pearl Rowe Burnett #11. Mr. Whipple went there and informed them and they all immediately went to the Whipple Ranch.|
|1945||Carol #29 born||Daughter of Lyle and Anna born in Klamath Falls, OR.|
|1945||World War II ends|
|1948||Robert Craig #30 born||Son of Lyle and Anna born in Klamath Falls, OR|
|1955||The Hickman family moves to Portland, OR||The entire family moved to Portland where Lyle became a Lumber Seasoning Tech.|
|1976||Lyle dies||He died at Beth Keiser Hospital, Portland, OR.|
|1995||Anna dies||She died at Good Samaritan Hospital, Portland, OR.|
|Top of Page||